tendencias-tecnologia-2020 Innovation

The 10 Near Future Technological Trends (and Why)

14/01/20 7 min. read

What are the most important technological trends that await us this year?

Everyone starts the New Year with new energy, new projects and new challenges. However, given how quickly technology advances, we need to look at the latest technology trends in order to keep up with the times and not miss out on the latest innovations.

Here is a list of the technology that people will be talking about in 2020. Some are familiar faces such as cyber security, blockchain and big data, which are still hugely important and will continue to influence future developments in the technology sector.

Others have arisen due to the evolution of technological infrastructure or new services that were previously restricted to a more limited audience, such as cloud technology, micro-services and the arrival of the 5G network.

Thinking of embarking on the adventure of developing your career in the latest market trends? Then keep reading:

Tech Trend #10. A holistic approach to Developers

The latest trend we wish to highlight refers to the role of developers. Traditionally these roles have been clearly defined, with clearly differentiated activities for each one: the programmer, the tech lead, the DevOps engineer, etc.

However, an end-to-end focus for projects, Agile philosophy and the increase in the use of microservices means that software development is gradually adopting a holistic approach.

As a consequence, responsibility is distributed among the members of the team, eliminating strong dependencies, and there is greater empathy due to the collaboration between members with equal standing to achieve a common goal: the success of a project in which everyone participates.

Tech Trend #9. AI to improve the customer experience

Artificial Intelligence promises better services for the day-to-day activities of companies, and in certain limited cases, it is already delivering on that promise. However, it is still in the development stage and cannot be considered to be a likely basic tool for customer experience, improvements to services or information management during 2020.

Positive advances have been made with AI technologies to understand and process human language, but we are still a long way off announcing a revolution in the fields of digital marketing, banking, finance, etc. Gartner considers that around 2025 is likely to be its best moment.

Tech Trend #8. Data Science: Tensor Flow

The main driving force behind Machine Learning was the support received from the Python community. However, now Google has made a major commitment to this field with TensorFlow 2.0, which will help to promote use of these technologies and may end up becoming the new library of AI, neural networks and dominant deep learning.

👉 Want to learn more about how is the Anatomy of a Data Scientist? Click here.

Tech Trend #7. Big Data welcomes MinIO

‘Mainstream’ technologies in the data lake such as Spark, Hive, Cassandra, Kafka and so on will continue to lead the market, although this year they will have a new member, MinIO.

MinIO is a Cloud Storage server compatible with Amazon S3 released by Apache. Developed using the above-mentioned open-source language Golang (by Google), MinIO may be an alternative for many companies as it has been designed for use by companies and in the private cloud.

Microsoft has also added it in the Azure marketplace with the slogan: “Providing Amazon S3 API compatible data access for Azure Blob Storage Services”. All that remains is for Google Cloud to incorporate it and MinIO will take a major step towards facilitating the Multi-Cloud environment.

Tech Trend #6. 5G Networks

These have already arrived, although in Spain only one operator offers them (for now). We expect it to have slow acceptance in 2020 and it will be one of the keystones for the upcoming presentations by Apple, Samsung and Google smartphones, etc.

The main advantages of 5G are:

  • Greater data transfer speeds
  • Greater latency speed
  • Connection of a larger number of devices simultaneously
  • Less energy consumption

The possible consequences of its arrival will include an increase in the use of streaming by the main audiovisual content companies, better real-time data processing and gathering, biometrics, IoT, Smart cities, etc.

Tech Trend #5. Blockchain comes of age

Blockchain emerged only a few years ago, bringing about a paradigm change that appears set to bring about an internet revolution. However, during 2020 we expect it to undergo a maturing process.

We must get out of the old habit of only associating it with cryptocurrencies and see it as the best way to create intelligent and secure contracts, allowing us to revolutionize a whole range of sectors (not just the technology sector).

According to Gartner, blockchain will progress from being an experimental procedure to a fully practical and scalable process by 2023

Tech Trend #4. Cybersecurity, an essential feature of companies

Cybersecurity will continue to be of vital importance for companies across all their departments and above all to protect against external threats. It is a hugely important aspect that involves numerous factors from compliance with data protection laws to informing employees to ensure they are not tempted by different threats such as phishing, along with an exhaustive revision of code and the configuration of technological infrastructure.

Would you like to know more about cybersecurity? Take a look at these articles:

👉 How Cyber-Attacks work and What to Do to Avoid them

👉 Where is our Data Stored: Law and Cyber Security

👉 Secure Coding: How to Eliminate Code Vulnerabilities for Good

Tech Trend #3. Programming languages

Python and Java will continue tobe leaders in the community. Web-based languages such as Javascript and PHP will be present in most developments, but there are also other emerging languages such as Rust, designed to improve C++ performance (avoiding memory leaks) and Kotlin and Swift for the development of mobile apps, which are now becoming very popular among developers.

Another language has recently been developed by Google called Golang or Go. Due to its simplicity and multifunctionality, with an emphasis on efficiency and security, this language seeks to shorten development processes and may gain new adepts in 2020.

Tech Trend #2. Microservices: Docker + Kubernetes

Docker Kubernetes Service why use it
Docker Kubernetes Service (DKS) website

If the new foundations of technological development are to be found in the Cloud, then the bricks used to build these applications will be microservices. The most extensive architecture will include these microservices using Docker containers to deploy and scale services using an orchestration platform, Kubernetes.

These microservices isolate each application, applying their own dependencies, granting greater flexibility of deployment, version management, testing, etc. This modularisation of applications is perfectly aligned with the concept of continuous integration.

Tech Trend #1. Growth of Cloud technologies

This year, the use of cloud technologies will increase. We will progress from implementing apps in Azure, Amazon Web Services or Google Cloud (SaaS) to uploading the complete infrastructure of our developments (IAAS).

pyramid SaaS PaaS and IaaS

The advantages of this paradigm are:

  • Resolution of scaling
  • Less need for resources to monitor services thanks to the use of automation
  • Cost reductions
  • Access to services from anywhere

And all without losing the autonomy of software management and keeping your data safe at all times.

Gartner considers that 30% of technology investment will be in the hybrid Cloud. This means that not having the infrastructure in the Cloud will be as absurd as a company that does not work with an Internet connection.

Jesus Lopez

Jesús López

Santander Global Tech

Inquisitive, restless and interested in indisputable things

 

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